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Prof. Dr. Abdus Salam (Deceased)

(Foreign Fellow, )

Pakistan (PK)
Pakistan (PK)

Dr. Abdus Salam, Nobel Laureate was born in Jhang, Pakistan on 29 January, 1926.

Educated in Lahore; M.A., Panjab University and Cambridge. Ph.D. in Theoretical Physics, Cambridge, 1952.

Professor, Government College and Panjab University, Lahore, 1951 - 1954; Member, Institute of Advanced Study, Princeton, 1951; Lecturer, Cambridge University, 1954-1956; Professor of Theoretical Physics, Imperial College, University of London, 1957; Member, Atomic Energy Commission, Pakistan, 1958-1974; Adviser, Educaton Committee, Pakistan, 1961 -1974; President, Pakistan Association for the Advancement of Science, 1961-1962; Chairman, Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Committee, 1961-1964; Governor from  Pakistan to the International Atomic Energy Agency, 1962-1963; Founder and Director, International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste, Italy, 1964; Member, United Nations University, 1970-1973; Chairman, United Nations Advisory Committee on Science and Technology, 1971-1972; Vice-President, Inter- national Union of Pure and Applied Physics, 1972 and 1978; Chairman, UNESCO Advisory Panel on Science, Technology and Society, 1981.

Dr. Abdus Salam’s research areas include Physics of elementary particles. Particular contributions: Two component neutrino theory and parity violation in weak interaction; gauge unification of weak and electromagnetic interactions; Predicted existence of weak neutral currents and W.Z. particles before their experimental discovery.

Dr. Abdus Salam received Smith's Prize, University of Cambridge, 1950; Hopkins Prize, Cambridge University, 1957; Adams Prize, Cambridge University, 1958; Sitara-i-Pakistan (S. Pak), 1959; Pride of Performance Medal and Award, Pakistan, 1959; Maxwell Medal and Award, Physical Society, London, 1961; Hughes Medal, Royal Society, London, 1964; Atoms for Peace Medal and Award, Atoms for Peace Foundation, 1968; J. Robert Oppenheimer Memorial Medal and Prize, University of Miami, 1971; Guthrie Medal and Prize, Institute of Physics, London, 1976; Sir Devaprasad Sarvadhikary Gold Medal, Calcutta University, 1977; Matteuci Medal, Accademia Nazionale Delle Science detta dei XL, Rome, 1978; John Torrence Tate Medal, American Institute of Physics, 1978; Royal Medal, Royal Society, London, 1978; Nobel Prize for Physics, 1979; Einstein Medal, UNESCO, Paris, 1979; Shri R. D. Birla Award, Indian Physics Association, 1979; Order to Nishan-i-Imtiaz, Pakistan, 1979; Josef Stefan Medal, Josef Stefan Institute, Ljublijana, 1980; Order of Andres Bello, Venezuela, 1980; Order of Istiqlal, Jordan, 1980; Cavaliere di Gran Croce, Order of Merit, Italian Republic, 1980; Gold Medal, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, Prague, 1981; Peace Medal, Charles University, Prague 1981; Lomonosov Gold Medal U.S.S.R. Academy of Sciences, 1983.

He has more than 276 research papers and published 13 books.

He Founded the International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) in 1964 and was the Founding Director till he passed away on November, 1996. ICTP has 303 Federated Institutes. ICTP had been assisting the advancement of science and technology mostly in the Third World. Professor Salam was also the Founder President of the Third World Academy of Sciences (TWAS). The Third World Network of Scientific Organisation (TWNSO) was founded by Professor Salam in 1988 and he was elected the first President of the network. He established the International Centre for Science and High Technology (ICS) in Trieste under the aegis of UNIDO in 1988. The ICS comprises the International Centre for Pure and Applied Chemistry (ICC), the International Centre for Earth, Environmental and Marine Sciences and Technologies (ICEM) and the International Centre for High Technology and New Materials (ICTM).

Nobel Laureate Abdus Salam was a Fellow of the Pakistan Academy of Sciences; Fellow of the Royal Society of London (FRS); Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences; Foreign Fellow, Bangladesh Academy of Sciences; Foreign Fellow, Indian National Science Academy; Hon. Fellow, China Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Dr. Abdus Salam was a member of the European Academy of Sciences; Arts and Humanities; Pontifical Academy of Sciences; American Academy of Arts and Sciences; U.S.S.R. Academy of Sciences; Accademia nazionale dei Lincei; Iraqi Academy; Academy of the Kingdom of Morocco; Accademia nazionale delle Science detta dei XL; Corresponding Member, Academy of Sciences of Portugal; Yugoslav Academy of Sciences and Arts; Foreign Associate, U.S.A. National Academy of Sciences.

Professor Salam was a Fellow and Member of about 50 Academies and Societies all over the world.

Professor Salam was accorded D.Sc. Honoris causa degrees from 46 Universities including Dhaka University in 1993.

Profesor Salam died on 21 November 1996.

Pakistan (PK)
Last updated on 30/11/2023